In 1970, the late Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party, wrote an essay admitting that the popularity of hypermasculinity tends to silence women. It is argued by some that hip-hop masculinity is violent and dominant, however, hip-hop femininity is "submissive, hypersexual, and holds a secondary position to their masculine counterparts". However, as time has gone on pioneers like Queen Latifah, Lil Kim and Lauryn Hill have all, in their own ways portrayed a dominant, hyperfeminine image of themselves through media.
Women gender performance in hip hop has significantly progressed, but hip hop is still an unequally gendered genre. In response to hypermasculinity in hip hop and the derogatory use of the word bitch, rappers have in turn embraced the word and cultivated the "bad bitch era" as a form of resistance. Similar to how words like ‘Nigga’ have been flipped to a terms of endearment.
A space has been created where; "one finds both clearly articulated feminisms as well as dominance".
By: Ronke B.