Chopped and screwed is a technique of remixing hip hop music that developed in the Houston hip hop scene in the early 1990s by DJ Screw.
The screwed technique involves slowing the tempo of a song down to 60 and 70 quarter-note beats per minute and applying techniques such as skipping beats, record scratching, stop-time, and affecting portions of the original composition to create a "chopped-up" version of the song.
In Houston, between 1991 and 1992, there was an increase in the use of lean which many believe contributed to the allure of screw music.
The drug beverage has been considered a major influence on the making and listening of chopped and screwed music due to its perceived effect of slowing the brain down, and giving the slow, mellow music its appeal. The color purple, which is usually present in lean, has also become a symbolic color or motif to identify chopped and screwed versions of songs or whole albums.
By: Ade B. ︎